Links of the site are right at the bottom of the page)
Some of the links for the 197 pages in this Totem Animals section
are below. For the rest please go HERE
*Lady Stearn Robinson
& Tom Gorbett/The Dreamer's Dictionary:
The augury is dependent on how you reacted to the bat. If you
were frightened by it, you should
avoid indiscreet discussion of your affairs; but if you were
not afraid of it, you will be offered a
new proposition which will be profitable.
*Timothy Roderick/The Once Unknown Familiar:
Key Words: Overtly sexual, worrier, self-determined
Magical Influences: Clairaudience, psychic sensitivity, sex;
creates lust in the hearts of others.
Personality: Bats are highly sexual in their personal dealings.
Conversation can be laced with
ribaldry. They are natural business persons. Since one of their
governing heavenly bodies is the
Moon, they have drastic mood swings in their everyday life--one
minute happy-go-lucky, the next irritable.
*Denise Linn/The Secret Language of Signs:
Bats are creatures of the night and sometimes reside in dark
caves. They can represent fear of the
unknown, yet they also know how to navigate in darkness. If
you are in a time of uncertainty in
your life and the bat appears as a sign, remember that you can
steer your way through uncertainty
and not knowing. Trust your intuition. You do know what to do.
Look deep inside yourself for the answer.
A bat can signify an old scolding woman. Are you acting like
an old bat? Alternatively, someone
who is batty is a little crazy or unconventional. Batting around
an idea can mean that you are
considering several alternatives. Sometimes this is the best
way to come to a feeling of certainty.
To the Chinese, the bat is symbolic of long life and happiness.
to the tribal peoples of the
Americas, the bat is emblematic of shamanistic initiation and
rebirth. The bat goes into the
womblike darkness of the cave only to emerge again. This sign
can appear when you are about to
enter into the deep unknown and hidden fears that dwell inside
you. After symbolic death, you
will experience rebirth and renewal.
*Jamie Sams & David Carson/Medicine Cards:
Rebirth. Steeped in the mystery of Meso-American tribal ritual
is the legend of Bat. Akin to the
ancient Buddhist belief in reincarnation, in Central America,
Bat is the symbol of rebirth. The
Bat has for centuries been a treasured medicine of the Aztec,
Toltec, Tolucan, and Mayan peoples.
Bat embraces the idea of shamanistic death. The ritual death
of the healer is steeped in secrets
and highly involved initiation rites. Shaman death is the symbolic
death of the initiate to the old
ways of life and personal identity. The initiation that brings
the right to heal and to be called
shaman is necessarily preceded by ritual death. Most of these
rituals are brutally hard on the
body, mind, and spirit. In light of today's standards, it can
be very difficult to find a person who
can take the abuse and come through it with their balance intact.
The basic idea of ancient initiations was to break down all
the former notions of "self" that were
held by the shaman-to-be. This could entail brutal tests of
physical strength and psychic ability,
and having every emotional "button" pushed hard. Taunting
and spitting on the initiate was
common, and taught him or her to endure the duress with humility
and fortitude. The final
initiation step was to be buried in the earth for one day and
to be reborn without former ego in
This ritual is very similar to the night of fear practiced by
natives of Turtle Island. In this ritual,
the shaman-to-be is sent to a certain location to dig his or
her grave and spend the night in the
womb of Mother Earth totally alone, with the mouth of the grave
covered by a blanket.
Darkness, and the sounds of animals prowling, quickly confront
the initiate with his or her fears.
As the darkness of the grave has its place in this ritual, so
does the cave of Bat. Hanging upsidedown
is a symbol for learning to transpose your former self into
a newborn being. This is also
the position that babies assume when they enter the world through
the womb of woman.
If Bat has appeared in your cards today, it symbolizes the need
for a ritualistic death of some
way of life that no longer suits your new growth pattern. This
can mean a time of letting go of
old habits, and of assuming the position in life that prepares
you for rebirth, or in some cases
initiation. In every case, Bat signals rebirth of some part
of yourself or the death of old patterns.
If you resist your destiny, it can be a long, drawn out, or
painful death. The universe is always
asking you to grow and become your future. To do so you must
die the shaman's death.
Contrary: If Bat is still hanging upside-down in the cave and
immersed in darkness, you have
met its contrary medicine. This position leads to stagnation
of the spirit and a refusal to
acknowledge your true destiny--which is always to use the talents
you have to the fullest. Is there
some area of your life that has damned up and therefore stopped
your desire to create? If so, look
at surrendering to the death of that stagnation.
Bat can also imply that in the reversal of your natural cycle
of rebirth you are trying to go at life
in a backwards mode. This is a breech birth, in a sense. This
type of occluded understanding of
how to go about freeing yourself can lead to a stillbirth if
you struggle too long in the birth canal.
The final outcome can be death of the body. Some people think
themselves into a corner with
obstacles that are illusionary. By the time they decide what
to do, the opportunities are gone and
old age is upon them. All of their dreams have passed them by.
Reversed Bat says to use your
mind, courage, and strength to insure an easy labor and quick
delivery into your new state of
understanding and growth. Surrender to the new life you have
created from thought and desire,
and bravely greet that dawn.
If you are concerned with today and tomorrow but not much further,
you may forget to see
further down the road. Tribal teachings say that you are responsible
for future generations
because you are the ancestors of the future. Whatever you do
today will affect the next 7
generations. Every decision, every thought, is to create a state
of stagnation or rebirth for those
that follow you on the Good Red Road. If you are blocking yourself,
you may be blocking the
generations to come.
Bat flies at night, and in the night are born your dreams. These
are the dreams that build future
civilizations, so nourish them well.
*Mary Summer Rain/On Dreams:
The use of spiritual intuition in all aspects of life.
*D.J. Conway/Animal Magick:
There are 8 families of bats peculiar to the Old World, 6 to
the New World, and 3 in common to
both. The most common bat in North America is the little brown
bat or mouse-eared bat. It lives
as far south as Mexico and as far north as trees grow. It is
quite common around human
The bat is the only mammal with the power of true flight. Although
they are found worldwide,
bats are most abundant in the semi-tropical and tropical climates.
Some bats hibernate during the
winter months, while others migrate to a warmer climate. They
feed during dark hours, usually
spending the daytime hours in caves, hollow trees, or old buildings.
Bats roost by hanging upside
down, gripping a perch with their clawed feet. There are approximately
2,000 different kinds of
bats. The majority of bats are harmless and beneficial as they
eat large amounts of insects. Only
the vampire bat feeds on blood, human or animal.
Some ancient cultures believed that bats were once a kind of
bird that was changed into part
human-looking in answer to their prayers. Finnish people believed
that during sleep the soul
often took the form of a bat, and that violent death turned
the soul into a bat condemned to
remain on Earth.
Contrary to superstition, bats do not become tangled in women's
hair. Nor will they stay in the
hair until it thunders. This idea is probably a collective unconscious
memory of the connection
between bats and the Great Mother Goddess. Their high-pitched
squeaks enable them to avoid
the tiniest strand of wire, even in total darkness.
Bats were considered to be unlucky and unclean in some cultures,
fortunate and edible in others.
Because they are creatures of the night and dark place, bats
are often symbolic of desolation and
In China, the name for bat is fu, which means happiness; the
Chinese believe that the bat brings
happiness and good luck. A drawing of two bats represents Shou-Hsing,
god of long life; this
symbolizes good wishes. A drawing of 5 bats signifies the 5
blessings of health, wealth, long life,
happiness, and peace.
In Japan, however, the bat symbolizes unhappiness, unrest, and
chaos. To the Buddhists, it
means incomplete and dark understanding.
The ancient Mayans worshiped a bat god whom they considered
a very powerful deity. In
Mexico, there was a city named Tzinacent Lan ("Bat City").
The bat was treasured medicine
power to the Aztec, Toltec, Tolucan, and Mayan people.
In medieval alchemy, the meaning of the bat was similar to that
of the dragon and the
Bats are fascinating creatures. It isn't, however, a good idea
to allow them to roost in your house
as their droppings can cause certain illnesses, but having bats
nearby is a blessing if you are
plagued by mosquitoes.
Superstitions: Early Christians believed that when the devil
was idle, he turned into a bat to
harass people. The bat was also considered to be a familiar
that lent its shape to witches. Some
people believe that ghosts can take the form of bats; therefore,
a house with bats is haunted. Bats
will deliberately tangle themselves in your hair and not let
go until it thunders. There is also a
superstition that if you carry the dried heart of a bat in your
pocket it will turn a bullet or stop
you from bleeding to death. Another belief is that if you wash
your face in bat's blood you can
see in the dark.
In Scotland, it is said that a flying bat, rising and then descending,
does so near a witch's house.
A certain tribe of southeastern Australia believe that to kill
a bat shortens a man's life. One flying
near you is a sign that someone is trying to bewitch or betray
you. A bat hitting a building is a
sure sign of rain. Carrying a bat bone will insure constant
good luck. Carrying the right eye will
make you invisible.
Magickal Attributes: The knowledge to avoid obstacles, barriers,
and troublesome people.
Undergoing a shamanistic death, which is leading to transform
the old self into a new being.
Releasing habits and personality patterns that keep you from
progressing. Viewing past lives in
order to learn how death occurred each time; using this knowledge
to make you more
comfortable with the life and death cycle of all life. Especially
helpful when facing the death of a
loved one or close friend.
*Patricia Telesco/The Language of Dreams:
An ability to traverse "darkness" of a figurative
nature, but one that may not be recognized.
Native Americans believe these creatures are guides because
of their uncanny navigation
abilities. See where the bat is taking you, and watch closely
the path by which you go. If the bat
is you, or you have bat wings, it's likely a type of flying
dream. In Babylonia and South Africa,
bats are thought to carry souls. So, this might be an Out-of-Body
Experience, or a message from
a departed person. In China, an emblem of good luck and happiness.
Most tribal shamans regard the bat as an evil omen. Perhaps
the creature's very appearance
suggests a kind of moral ambivalence, for it is difficult to
ascertain if the swiftly flying,
nocturnal beastie is a bird with a rodent's snout and teeth
or a rat with a bird's wings. A number
of the plain's tribes have a tale in which the handsome and
mysterious bat successfully woos his
wives by night--only to have them run away in the light when
they see how ugly he is. "If you
have dreamt of a bat," a Medicine practitioner once told
me, "you must be prepared for bad
quarrels and much unpleasantness to come at you right around
the next corner."
However, I have heard other Native Americans place a positive
connotation on the bat, for they
regard him as a rainmaker who drives away drought. And there
are African tribes that esteem the
bat as a sign of wisdom, for behold how unerringly it can maneuver
through the darkness. In
Christian folklore, perhaps especially in Central Europe, the
bat is considered the bird of Satan, a
night-flying, blood-sucking entity that can actually become
a vehicle for the Master of Hell. Such
beliefs stay with us, firmly anchored in the popular fright
night figure of Count Dracula
spreading his dark cape to transform himself into a bat. Batman,
another pop culture figure, also
embodies the mysterious ambiguity of his namesake. A flawed
hero, with a great many deepseated
psychic scars, the face of the rich and handsome Bruce Wayne
is covered in a frightening
mask when he becomes the dark knight of vengeance.
To the Chinese, the bat represents happiness and longevity.
If 5 bats should visit one's home, one
has been blessed with the 5 blessings of health, wealth, long
life, peace, and happiness. On the
other hand, the Japanese seem to perceive in the bat's ambiguous
nature a symbol of chaos and
unhappy confusion. Among certain Australian Aborigines and other
Pacific peoples, the bat is
synonymous with the human soul; and to find a dead bat is to
be made aware that someone has
made his transition to the other world. If the bat appeals to
you as a totem guardian, you may
very well be a very adaptable person who has little fear of
the Dark Side. You have probably
been blessed with a keen sense of wonder and the willingness
to explore with zeal topics which
others may consider "forbidden" or "too far-out."
As a totem animal, the bat will be every ready
to guide you safely through the darkness of confusion and to
lift you to higher realms of
consciousness. It's built-in "radar" makes this totem
guardian a skillful pilot through the darkest
trials of the spirit. And it will always be a sure navigator
as you enter the Silence and receive
inspiration from Great Mystery.
*Zolar/Encyclopedia of Signs, Omens, and Superstitions:
Should bats emerge from their holes directly after sunset, it
is an omen that there will be fair and
calm weather. To the Chinese and the Polish bats in general
are good omens. In Ireland,
however, the bat is a symbol of death.
Other bat superstitions include these: should bats move into
a house, the occupants will shortly
leave. Should the heart of a bat be dried, powdered, and carried
in someone's front pocket, it will
deflect a bullet or stop him from bleeding to death. Should
one wash his face in the blood of a
bat, he will be able to see in the dark. A Scottish superstition
holds that, when a bat is observed
rising and descending earthwards, such signifies the "hour
of the witches." Along the Gold
Coast, the natives of Tendo maintain that flocks of bats, leaving
the island and heading for the
river, are the souls of the dead, who must present themeslves
each evening to Tano, the ruler of
the river of that name. In Australia, certain tribes believe
that the life of a bat corresponds to that
of a man. Hence, if a bat was killed, the life of a man would
also be shortened.
Should a bat fly into a house, especially a room occupied by
its owner, it is an indication of death
or bad luck to come. Bats hitting a building signify rain. Carrying
a bat's bones on one's person is
said to be the luckiest of talismans around; carrying the right
eye of a bat in the waistcoat pocket
is said to make a man invisible. A common country belief is
that a bat flying into a woman's hair
will become so entangled, that it can only be released by cutting
her hair. Still another
superstition holds that if a bat lands on your head, it will
not leave until an approaching rainstorm
or the sound of thunder is heard.
An Orthodox Jewish superstition says that a bat killed with
a gold coin will bring good luck.
Should a bat fly close by, it is a warning that someone is trying
to betray or bewitch you. Should
a bat hit the windowpane of an ill person's room, it was believed
the person would die. To keep
witches away, one was instructed to nail a bat to the barn or
Aesop said that the nocturnal habits of bats were simply an
attempt to evade creditors. (Scientific
studies of bats have shown that their ability to fly in complete
darkness is due to a supersonic
detection device similar to modern radar.)
Sicilian peasants believed that the Devil can assume the shape
of a bat. Bat's blood was believed
to be an ingredient in the witches' "flying ointment";
supposedly it would give them the ability to
fly at night.
The Hessians believed that the heart of a bat could be attached
to a gambler's arm by a red thread
to make him successful at cards.
In Central Europe it is said that girls enticed their reticent
lovers by adding a few drops of bat's
blood into their lover's beer.
The supreme deity of some American Pacific Coast Indians was
Chamalkan, the bat.
According to an old European legend, a bat decided to join the
war between animals and birds.
Uncertain as to which group to join, he fought on both sides.
Bats were also believed responsible for stealing bacon from
farmhouse chimneys. A rhyme still
heard among English country folk is the following: "Bat,
bat, get under my hat and I'll give you a
slice of bacon."
As recently as 1962, an edict passed by the New York City Council
prohibited the sale of voodoo
drugs: bat's blood was included on the list.
Keynote: Transition and Initiation
Cycle of Power: Nighttime
The bat is one of the most misunderstood mammals. Modern depictions
in movies and television
have given it a sinister reputation, but it plays an important
role in Nature and as a symbol in
totem traditions. Although more modern lore places the bat in
cohorts with the devil, with its
dragon-like wings, in more ancient times it was a powerful symbol.
In Babylonia bats represented the souls of the dead. In China
they were symbols for happiness
and long life. To the ancient Mayans, they are symbols of initiation
and rebirth. To the medieval
peoples, they were minature dragons.
From the early Meso-American traditions came a sacred book of
the initiatory process in which
bats hold a significant role. This book was called the Popol
Vuh. It was discovered by Father
Ximinez in the 17th century. The second book of the Popol vuh
describes the seven tests that two
brothers must undergo. The seventh test took them into the house
of bats. Huge bats flew through
the labyrinth and it was overseen by Camazotz, the god of bats.
This being had the body of a
human, the head and wings of a bat and carried a great sword
by which he would decapitate
This powerfully symbolic story and imagery reflects the process
of transition--part human and
part bat (animal). It implies a loss of one's faculties if unwary
about the changes. It also holds the
promise of rebirth and coming out of the darkness.
The authors, Jamie Sams and David Carson, refer to the bat as
reflecting the traditional shaman's
death--the breaking down of the former self through intense
tests. It is a facing of your greatest
fears--that it is time to die to some aspect of your life that
is no longer suitable for you.
Most people fear transitions, holding onto a "better the
devil you know than the one you don't"
kind of attitude. If a bat has flown into your life, then it
is time to face your fears and prepare for
change. You are being challenged to let go of the old and create
For many, change is always distressing. When the bat comes into
your life, you may see some
part of your life begin to go from bad to worse. That which
worked before may no longer. This is
not negative though! And it will only be upsetting to the degree
we focus on the past rather than
the infinite possibilities of the future.
Changes and transformations are blessings. They are not triggered
from without but from within;
and the world is our mirror. As we change, even within our consciousness,
within the world also begins to change. To understand and enjoy
the blessing of change, begin by
taking or renewing responsibility for your life. This means
opening to the power within which
will override all fears.
Look beyond the immediate and limited circumstances. There can
be no death without there also
being rebirth. Everything reflects the divine. Remember that
fear and death is a choosing to
block or go against the Divine energies that are yours by right
of inheritance. Rebirth and life are
found by choosing to follow the flow within. The choice is always
ours. Remember that each
time you trust your own inner promptings, you chase the fears
within the dark corners of your
mind away. What you choose to do today will have repercussions
for years down the road. do
you want those repercussions to be positive or negative?
Though small in stature, the bat is a powerful symbol. Its medicine
is strong and can even be
traumatic. I tis a nocturnal animal, and the night was often
considered the home of fears. Home
fires and lights are often used to chase back the night and
the fears rather than facing them and
transmuting them. Are you avoiding facing something that is
Sometimes bats are a symbol of facing our fears. They have very
sharp, needle-like teeth. They
can also be carriers of rabies. Rabies is an infectious disease
of the blood, created by a virus. It
was often associated with madness. Fears that are allowed to
spread, uninhibited, will eventually
permeate our system and can create a kind of madness within
our lives. Bats can reflect a need to
face our fears. The imaginings that result from fears that are
incubating are often much worse
than the actual facing of the fears, themselves. What are you
most fearing right now?
From a naturalistic view, bats are not sinister. They play a
very valuable role in nature. They feed
on insects and are essential to the pollination of many plants.
their waste product, guano, is also
used as a valuable fertilizer. This hints that every aspect
of facing our fears will have value to us,
no matter how messy it may seem to be. It holds the promise
The bat is also the only flying mammal. Its tremendously
elongated finger bones support the
wings which are made of a tough leathery skin. Its flight seems
fluttery and jerky, but it is flight
nonetheless. All flight implies a rising above. You may wish
to study general symbolism of
flight as described in part tow of this book.
Because humans are mammals as well, the bat is an even more
important symbol for us. It
becomes a symbol of promise amidst the sometimes chaotic energies
of change. It reflects the
ability to move to new heights with the transitions. Yes, our
own flights may seem fluttery and
jerky, but we will be able to fly.
We will not only be able to fly as a result of the changes,
but we will be able to see the world
from an entirely new perspective. Bats sleep with their heads
down. This posture has always
reminded me of the Hanged Man card in the tarot deck. This card
reflects the piercing of new
barriers and the opening to higher wisdom. It symbolizes a new
truth being awakened. It also
implies great strength and stamina to handle the ordeals that
may beset you as you open to new
consciousness. Its message contains the promise of new horizons
and unexpected views about to
manifest. Meditation upon this card would be most beneficial
for those with a bat as a totem.
The bat is actually a social animal. It lives in flocks, and
thus its appearance usually reflects
either a need for more sociability or increased opportunity
with greater numbers of people.
The bat has a medicine which awakens great auditory perception.
The idea of "blind as a bat" is
wrong. Bats are not blind, and their eyes are large and developed.
They can easily navigate by
sight in lighted situations.
On the other hand, they are expert at maneuvering through the
dark. They have a form of sonar
in their nose that gives them perfect navigation. Their ability
at echo-location enables them to
perform amazing flying feats even within the flock. They rarely,
if ever, collide. This sonar and
echo-location can be linked metaphysically to the gift of clairaudience
or clear-hearing. It
awakens the ability to hear spirit.
Those with bat as a totem will also find that they have an increasing
ability to discern the hidden
messages and implications of other people's words. Listen as
much to what is not being said.
Trust your instincts. The nose is the organ of discrimination,
and with its sonar located in its
nose, the bat reflects the ability to discriminate and discern
the truth in other people's words.
The bat is powerful medicine. It can be trying, but it always
indicates initiation--A new
beginning that brings promise and power after the changes.
From my notes:
Bat represents shamanic death, transition, and the cycles of
life; avoiding obstacles, initiation,
and psychic abilities.
Transitions lead to spiritual growth as a part of you dies to
make way for the new. That part is
intimate and often painful to release--an emotional pain that
is set by the depth of your
attachment to it. It requires going within to explore your shadows--the
cave of Bat and its winter
hibernation. It means stepping beyond what was into the Now
to see what can be when you trust
in Spirit. Bat teaches the secrets of initiatory rites, spiritual
evolution, and entry into the mystery
of the unknown as you learn to find your way through the pitch
of night and into dreams....then
back into the light of day. Bat demonstrates the methods of
facing and challenging your fears
without inhibition to pass through the Veil of Illusion. The
key is perfect love, perfect trust, and
perfect faith in Spirit to guide you.
Through this creature-teacher you will learn that changes come
in erratic spurts and you need to
view life from all angles, often going around obstacles to reach
a state of higher consciousness.
Clairaudience and the voices of others who would otherwise hide
their thoughts and shadows
from you may often follow such growth. Bat will teach you to
trust your instincts like a form of
radar, sharing with you the languages of emotion, mind, body,
and spirit. It will also teach you
the benefits of social gatherings to test these skills and to
divert your attention creating a
temporary diversion. This diversion can alleviate the stress
and preoccupation that often signals a
time of transition.
There are different species of bats, which have widely divergent
characteristics. Some are small
and others are large. With one or two exceptions, the large
bats live on fruits and find their way
visually. The small bats feed mostly on insects, catching them
on the wing by a process known as
echolocation in which an animal produces sounds and listens
for the echoes reflected from
surfaces and objects in the environment. When this medicine
is fully developed in man intuitive
and clairaudient abilities are accurate. When underdeveloped
psychic perception becomes
clouded by imaginings of the mind.
Studies on bats found that when they are placed in a refrigerator,
they will go into an instant
state of hibernation and come out unharmed when they are warmed,
which is unique for a warm
blooded mammal. This indicates that the life force of the bat
is strong and is able to regenerate
and replenish it when needed. Those with this medicine also
have this ability and would benefit
from all types of yogic practices especially those related to
awakening the kundalini.
Bat holds the power of adaptability. Everything about them,
senses, feeding, flight, mating and
size is suited to their particular environment. When bat appears
in your life its message may be
to examine your surroundings to discern what bounty is being
offered to you, and then alter your
patterns so you can receive it.
An out of balance bat will get scrambled and confused and will
fly into things. Are you crashing
into barriers as you try to get what you need and want in life?
If so, bat may be trying to tell you
to take a moment to get your bearings and determine the relative
importance of what you are
When bat flies into your life transformation of the ego self
is about to occur. The old familiar
patterns and ideas that have been your truth are about to change.
That which once worked for
you may no longer. The process of transformation represents
a death and a rebirth. Bat offers
you the wisdom necessary to make the appropriate changes for
the birthing of your new identity.
Author Ted Andrews writes that bats have needle like teeth and
can sometimes carry rabies.
Rabies is an infectious disease of the blood and can cause a
person to go mad. Fears that are
allowed to spread, uninhibited will eventually permeate our
system and can create a kind of
madness within our lives. Bats reflect a need to face our fears.
Because the bat is a sociable animal it can indicate a need
for more sociability or increased
opportunity with greater numbers of people. It has great auditory
perception and can navigate
through the dark easily. Their built in sonar enables them to
know what lies beneath the surface.
Those with this medicine have uncanny abilities to discern hidden
messages both from people
and the environment..
When bat appears it is asking you to surrender yourself to the
process of change. Opportunities
unknown to the conscious mind are about to manifest.
If the bat appeals to you as a totem guardian, you may very
well be a very adaptable person who
has little fear of the Dark Side. You have probably been blessed
with a keen sense of wonder and
the willingness to explore with zeal topics which others may
consider "forbidden" or "too farout."
As a totem animal, the bat will be ever ready to guide you safely
through the darkness of
confusion and to lift you to higher realms of consciousness.
Its built-in "radar" makes this totem
guardian a skillful pilot through the darkest trials of the
spirit. And it will always be a sure
navigator as you enter the Silence and receive inspiration from
the Great Mystery.
Copyright: Cinnamon Moon & River WildFire Moon (Founders.)
All rights reserved.
constructed by Dragonfly